Gods on the Danube

The Danubian provinces (in this case study we included Raetia, Noricum, Pannonia Superior, Pannonia Inferior, Moesia Superior, Moesia Inferior and Dacia) represents one of the largest macro-units of the Roman Empire. This region united numerous glocal groups from the Celtic world with the Illyrian, Hellenistic and Thracian worlds too. During the first three centuries A.D. the region became highly militarized and a very dynamic area, where military dislocations and commercial mobilities contributed to the formation of numerous religious appropriations and a great variety of forms of glocal religious communication.

This chapter presents the first comprehensive list of divinities attested in the rich epigraphic material of the above mentioned provinces (EDH: 5724, EDSC: 7327 inscriptions), completed with numerous figurative stone monuments from the major databases and catalogues (LIMC, CSIR, lupa.at, EPRO series and recent publications).

Site under construction till the end of February 2022!

Apollo

Is the Greek divinity of light and the Sun, and one of the great Olympian deities. He is the son of Zeus (Iuppiter) and Leto (Lona), his twin sister being Artemis (Diana). The Greek world worshipped him as the protector god of shepherds, and of cattle breeders. His sacred animals and birds arethe wolf, the raven, the rat and the dolphin. His main attribute is the lyre,which suggests a connection with music, dance, song, and poetry. His sacred plant is the laurel.
Inscriptions
Raetia: Schillinger 00234 = AE 1978, 00583;
Noricum: ILLPRON 00942; ILLPRON 01875; CIL 03, 05011 = CIL 03, 11528; CIL 03, 05629 = ILLPRON 01021
Pannonia Superior: CIL 03, 03649 = RIU-03, 00773; CIL 03, 04285; CIL 03, 10972 = RIU-02, 00376; RIU-02, 00377 = AE 1944, 00110; RIU-02, 00378; EDCS-72400241; AE 1998, 01044 = AE 2013, +01207; CIL 03, 04556
Pannonia Inferior: TitAq-01, 00039 = AE 2009, 01107; TitAq-01, 00041 = AE 1982, 00806; CIL 03, 03631 = RIU-06, 01299
Moesia Superior: AE 2011, 01103c = AE 2014, 01118; IMS-04, 00106; IMS-02, 00297 = ILJug-02, 00488 = AE 1988, 00980; IMS-06, 00207;
Moesia Inferior: CIL 03, 12462 = CIL 03, 14437; IScM-04, 00027 = AE 1972, 00522; ILBulg 00233 = AE 1927, 00050; AE 1957, 00292; AE 1969/70, 00577; AE 1912, 00194; AE 1987, 00873; AE 1987, 00881; CIL 03, 07447 (p 2316,45); CIL 03, 12371; CIL 03, 12373; AE 1975, 00745 = AE 1985, 00738; AE 1987, 00883; AE 1975, 00746 = AE 1985, 00739; AE 1987, 00884; AE 1975, 00747 = AE 1985, 00740; AE 1987, 00885; AE 1987, 00886; AE 1987, 00887; AE 1975, 00752 = AE 1985, 00743; AE 1985, 00751 = AE 2003, +00156; AE 2012, 01262 = AE 2014, +00061; AE 2012, 01263; CIL 03, 07463; CIL 03, 07470 = CIL 03, 14210; AE 2010, 01417; AE 2010, 01418; EDCS-76100066; EDCS-73300091; AE 1994, 01520; CCET-02-01, 00410 = AE 1939, 00246; AE 1954, 00036b = AE 2010, 01443
Dacia: AE 1972, 00456 = IDR-03-05-01, 00034; CIL 03, 00989 = IDR-03-05-01, 00030; CIL 03, 00990 = IDR-03-05-01, 00031; CIL 03, 00991 = IDR-03-05-01, 00033; CIL 03, 14469 = IDR-03-05-01, 00032; CIL 03, 14470 = IDR-03-05-01, 00035; IDR-03-05-01, 00036 = AE 1980, 00735; ILD 00456 = IDR-03-05-02, 00699 = AE 1995, 01291; IDR-03-01, 00127a = AE 1976, 00578; EDCS-45100290; CIL 03, 00787; AE 2000, +01233; AE 1947, 00032 = AE 1971, 00388; CIL 03, 00933; CIL 03, 07821 = IDR-03-03, 00383; IDR-03-03, 00384; EDCS-45100219; AE 2003, 01486; AE 2003, 01495; CIL 03, 07717 = IDR-03-04, 00207; CIL 03, 01415 = IDR-03-03, 00275; AE 1983, 00835; AE 1987, 00848; CIL 03, 07712; AE 1972, 00454; IDR-03-03, 00062; IDR-03-03, 00290;